What are Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)?
ASD refers to a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders that affect communication, behavior, and social interaction.
Children with ASD have delayed or absent communication skills and may demonstrate repetitive or idiosyncratic use of language. They often have underdeveloped play skills and may engage in repetitive behaviors or adhere to rigid routines.
According to a 2014 report commissioned by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately one in 68 American children has been diagnosed with autism or a closely related neurodevelopmental disorder—a dramatic increase over the past decade.
What causes autism? Can it be cured?
The causes of this complex disorder remain uncertain. Instructional methods such as Applied Behavior Analysis have proven effective in helping individuals with autism learn to overcome many of the challenges that autism presents. These interventions have proven particularly effective when started during the first several years of a child’s life. For more information about recent research into the causes of and treatments for autism, visit the Autism Speaks website at http://www.autismspeaks.org/science.
Our students are children or youth who are challenged by autism—but not defined by it. “Oh, he’s autistic!” is quite different than “Oh, that’s Charlie; he has autism.” That’s why we encourage everyone to refer to our students as “children and youth with autism.”
For tips for families living with autism, click here.